- What are the 3 types of contour lines?
- What is the shape of contour lines?
- What are the characteristics of contour lines?
- What is meant by contour interval?
- What can you learn from the spacing of contour lines?
- What are the 5 Rules of contour lines?
- What are the three main types of topography?
- What is the importance of contour lines?
- What do contour lines show?
- What does the space between contour lines represent?
- How do you find the distance between contour lines?
What are the 3 types of contour lines?
There are 3 kinds of contour lines you’ll see on a map: intermediate, index, and supplementary.Index lines are the thickest contour lines and are usually labeled with a number at one point along the line.
Intermediate lines are the thinner, more common, lines between the index lines.More items….
What is the shape of contour lines?
Contour lines never split. Instead, contours form closed loops. These loops follow the shape of the land, and may extend past the edge of the map. Closely spaced contours indicate a steep slope, whereas contours that are spaced far apart indicate a gentle slope or almost flat surface.
What are the characteristics of contour lines?
Characteristics of ContoursMust close on themselves, on or off the map.Perpendicular to the direction of max. … Slope between them is assumed uniform.The distance between them indicates the steepness of the slope, gentle or steep.Irregular signify rough, smooth signify gradual slopes.Concentric closed contours: hills or depression.More items…
What is meant by contour interval?
A contour interval is the vertical distance or difference in elevation between contour lines. Index contours are bold or thicker lines that appear at every fifth contour line. If the numbers associated with specific contour lines are increasing, the elevation of the terrain is also increasing.
What can you learn from the spacing of contour lines?
Closely-spaced contour lines indicate a steep slope. They show that the elevation changes quickly over a short horizontal distance. Contour lines that seem to touch indicate a very steep rise, such as a cliff or canyon wall. Broadly spaced contour lines, in contrast, indicate a gentle slope.
What are the 5 Rules of contour lines?
Rule 1 – every point of a contour line has the same elevation. Rule 2 – contour lines separate uphill from downhill. Rule 3 – contour lines do not touch or cross each other except at a cliff. Rule 4 – every 5th contour line is darker in color.
What are the three main types of topography?
Topographic maps depict four main types of features:Landforms: hills, valleys, gullies, ridges…Water courses: rivers, swamps, coastal…Vegetation: national parks, farmland, plantations…Manmade: buildings, roads, property boundaries, political boundaries…
What is the importance of contour lines?
The purpose of contour lines is to represent the tridimensional shape of the terrestrial surface on a bidimensional map. Contour lines are the intersection of an horizontal plane parallel to the reference level and the topographical surface to describe. Consequently: Contour lines are always closed curves.
What do contour lines show?
Contours are shown on Ordnance Survey maps as thin orange or brown lines with numbers on them that show you the height above sea level of any point on the line. The contour lines join points of equal height together.
What does the space between contour lines represent?
Contour lines that are relatively close together indicate a slope that is fairly steep. Contour lines that are further apart indicates a slope that is relatively flat. The area of the map above boxed in orange shows an area that has a fairly steep slope, while the area boxed in purple is a relatively flat area.
How do you find the distance between contour lines?
– Slope = “rise over run”, or vertical height increase over horizontal distance. – Example: if two contour lines are 300 m apart (use map scale to find the distance between them!) and they represent elevations 50 m apart, then rise = 50 m, run = 300 m. Slope = 50/300.